Corruption, like all contested ideas, is difficult to measure. That hasn’t stopped ever extra organizations from making an attempt. Essentially the most well-known of those is Transparency Worldwide (TI), a Berlin-based NGO.
Its most well-known product, the Corruption Perceptions Index, has been a daily characteristic of the anti-corruption panorama because the mid-1990s. It pulls collectively quite a lot of surveys on corruption and associated ideas in a glorified ballot of polls, giving (in 2016) 176 international locations a rating between 1 and 100; the latest model was simply revealed on Jan. 25.
The pace-setters within the 2016 model have been, as they often are, the Nordic international locations, with Denmark (90), Finland (89), Sweden (88) and Norway (85) all within the prime six. New Zealand (90) and Switzerland (86) have been the one others who may preserve tempo. On the backside, Somalia recorded a dismal 10 factors whereas South Sudan (11) and North Korea (12) have been little higher. The US got here in 18th with a rating of 74.
The CPI has its critics. Boiling a rustic’s corruption issues down to at least one quantity is a heroic try and simplify a really complicated phenomenon.
Additional, the CPI doesn’t truly declare to measure corruption in any respect; it measures perceptions of corruption. The 2 usually are not synonymous.
The CPI additionally appears solely at perceptions of public sector corruption. However non-public sector actors even have (at instances very important) roles.